Fruits of the Indian gooseberry, popularly known as amla, can reduce cholesterol levels by more than two thirds, studies on animals indicate.
Studies in the northwestern Indian State of Rajasthan have shown that amla or emblica officinalis fruit pulp extract, when fed to rabbits with high fat levels, had beneficial effect.
The blood cholesterol levels declined by 67.5 per cent and low density lipoprotein (LDL) which is linked to the serious arterial disease atherosclerosis, by 75.3 per cent.
Cholesterol and fat levels in the liver decreased significantly after two months of administration of the extract, a joint report by Ritu Mathur and Arti Sharma from M D S University at Ajmer and V P Dixit from R R Government College at Alwar, said. The report was submitted at the science congress held in the southern metropolis of Chennai in January.
The emblica extract also reduced plaques (or patches on walls containing a mixture of cholesterol, blood cells and fibrous cells) in the aorta, the main blood supplying artery in the body. In others, it prevented plaque formation, the report said.
The extract decreased the cholesterol: phospholipid ( C:P ) ratio which is linked to atherosclerosis.
The team also observed increased excretion of cholesterol in the faces of rats following emblicia pulp feeding.